Martin Luther, a well-known Baptist, and social activist, was born on January 15, 1929, in the United States of America. He is a well-known personality in History who conducted many reform movements for the welfare of society. One of his famous works was the civil rights movement in America which took place in the mid-1950s until he was assassinated the following year. Luther’s contribution to African segregation in America was a fundamental movement to restore the power of color in the United States. With various movements like the March on Washington, Luther was an essential part of American History and was also awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
Early Life and Career of Martin Luther King Jr
Luther King JR was from a traditional Baptist background, following the steps of his father and grandfather, who were Baptist preachers at Ebenezer Church in Atlanta. Luther grew up in a middle-class family in the prosperous Black Wall Street, home to many Black businesses and churches. Despite having a secure upbringing, he was still subjected to discrimination in the South, which was standard in that era.
The death of his grandmother in 1941 shook Luther, which made him drastically unstable and upset. Nevertheless, at 15, Luther entered Morehouse College, located in Atlanta, and took up a wartime program that educated students on enhancing enrollment. Although he took up medicine and law, his interest shifted toward politics and ministry in the final years of his college. He was also elected as the college President and undertook many reforms in that position.
After graduating from college in 1948, Luther followed the footsteps of Mohandas Gandhi and went on the path of nonviolence, after which he took up ethical and theological inclinations. He also took a doctorate in learning about a man’s relationship with God.
The bus boycott of Martin Luther King Jr
Luther became a pastor in the Baptist Church in Alabama when many civil rights advocates contested racial segregation on the public bus system when an African American woman refused to give up her seat for an American. While she was arrested under the segregation law, the Montgomery Improvement Association was formed with Martin Luther King Jr as their leader to boycott her arrest. This incident sparked his interest in further pursuing politics and fighting for the social rights of African-American people.
Historical Legacy Martin Luther King Jr
After his death, Luther’s popularity spread like wildfire, and he was known as the African American leader of the era. A King memorial was also built near the Lincoln Memorial, and his death was established as a national holiday in America. One of the main reasons for Luther’s popularity is due to his controversial speeches and his work toward civil rights contributions.